The Parenting Style that Yields Better Academic Performance in Tertiary Students

Authors

  • Emmanuel Oppong Peprah Accra Technical University, Ghana

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.53103/cjess.v2i1.21

Keywords:

Authoritarian, Authoritative, Permissive, Neglectful, Academic Performance

Abstract

Parenting plays a significant role in the life of any child. The type of parenting a child is exposed to can determine a lot of things in the person’s life. One such significant variable is academic performance. In the Ghanaian context, this study delves into finding out the parenting style which most of the academically inclined (with high CGPA) tertiary students in the Greater Accra region are exposed to in their homes. By extension, this study searches for the parenting style that positively affects tertiary students’ academic performance. To achieve the objectives of this study, data is gathered from questionnaires administered to students and interviewing of lecturers. This study therefore identifies and describes the prevalent parenting styles and also finds out the strengths and weaknesses of the identified main parenting practices. Lastly, it concludes and recommends neglectful parenting style as the best parental practice when it comes to the academic success of tertiary students.

References

Agyeman, D. (1986). Sociology of education for African students. Accra-North, Ghana: Black Mask Ltd.

Areepattamannil, S. (2010). Parenting practices, parenting style, and children’s school achievement. Psychological Studies, 55(4), 283-289. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12646-010-0043-0

Baumrind, D. (1991). The influence of parenting style on adolescent competence and substance use. The Journal of Early Adolescence, 11(1), 56-95. https://doi.org/10.1177/0272431691111004

Borland, M., Howsen, R., & Trawick, M. (2005). An investigation of the effect of class size on student academic achievement. Education Economics, 13(1), 73-83. https://doi.org/10.1080/0964529042000325216

Brown, L., & Iyengar, S. (2008). Parenting styles: The impact on student achievement. Marriage & Family Review, 43 (1-2), 14-38.

Buri, J.R. (1991). Parental Authority Questionnaire. Journal of Personality and Social Assessment, 57, 110-119.

Changalwa. C.N., Ndurumo, M. and Poipoi, M. (2012). Relationship between parenting styles and alcohol abuse in college. Greener Journal of Education Research, 13 (25), 98-112.

Dogan, U. (2015). Student engagement, academic self-efficacy, and academic motivation as predictors of academic performance. The Anthropologist, 20(3), 553-561. https://doi.org/10.1080/09720073.2015.11891759

Dube, Z. (2018). Patriarchy reinvented? ‘Spiritual parenting’ within African pentecostalism in Zimbabwe. Verbum Et Ecclesia, 39(1). https://doi.org/10.4102/ve. v39i1.1777

Edery, R. (2019). The traumatic effects of narcissistic parenting on a sensitive child: A Case analysis. Health Science Journal, 13(1). https://doi.org/10.21767/1791-809x.1000626

Faull, J. (2006). Parenting. Hauppauge, NY: Barrons Educational Series.

Garba, J. (2020). Relationship between attachment parenting practice and attachment styles among early childhood education pupils in Kaduna Metropolis, Nigeria. The American Journal of Social Science and Education Innovations, 02(07), 29-41. https://doi.org/10.37547/tajssei/volume02issue07-03

Hong, P., Lishner, D., Vogels, E., & Kelso, S. (2021). Do factual rehearsal, emotion reflection, or instructor acknowledgment increase academic performance and academic entitlement? Scholarship of Teaching and Learning in Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1037/stl0000278

Jenkins, J. (2012). Understanding multilevel dynamics in the development of parenting. Parenting, 12(2-3), 254-260. https://doi.org/10.1080/15295192.2012.683368

Kyriazos, T., & Stalikas, A. (2018). Positive parenting or positive psychology parenting? towards a conceptual framework of positive psychology parenting. Psychology, 09(07), 1761-1788. https://doi.org/10.4236/psych.2018.97104

Munyua, J., & Disiye, M. (2020). Toxic parenting adversely correlates to students’ academic performance in secondary schools in Uasin Gishu County, Kenya. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications (IJSRP), 10(7), 249-253. https://doi.org/10.29322/ijsrp.10.07. 2020.p10331

Maxwell, C., & Aggleton, P. (2013). Becoming accomplished: concerted cultivation among privately educated young women1. Pedagogy, Culture & Society, 21(1), 75-93. https://doi.org/10.1080/14681366.2012.748682

Munyi, E. W. (2013). Influence of parenting styles on academic performance of adolescents in secondary schools: A case of Manyatta Constituency, Embu County. Master’s thesis. Nairobi, University of Nairobi

Nur, H., Setyaningrum, P., & Novandita, A. (2021). Permissive, authoritarian, and authoritative parenting style and smartphone addiction on university students. Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, 10(3), 419. https://doi.org/10.12928/jehcp.v10i3.20620

Nyarko, K. (2011). The influence of authoritative parenting style on adolescents’ academic achievement. https://doi.org/10.5251/ajsms.2011.2.3.278.282.

Ofosu-Asiamah, D. K. (2013). Examining the effects of parenting styles on academic performances of Senior High school Students in the Ejisu-Juaben Municipality, Ashanti Region. Master of Arts. Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology

Schiffrin, H., Yost, J., Power, V., Saldanha, E., & Sendrick, E. (2019). Examining the relationship between helicopter parenting and emerging adults’ mindsets using the consolidated helicopter parenting scale. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 28(5), 1207-1219. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-019-01360-5

Toma, R. (2020). The academic climate and student-teacher relationship as determinants of academic motivation. Studia Doctoralia, 11(1), 34-46. https://doi.org/10.47040/sd/sdpsych. v11i1.106

Tope, O. (2012). The influence of parenting style on the academic performance of students: a case study of some selected secondary schools in Agege Local Government area of Lagos State. EgoBookster Books, Ogun State, Nigeria

Weymouth, B., Fosco, G., & Feinberg, M. (2017). Nurturant-involved parenting and adolescent substance use: Examining an internalizing pathway through adolescent social anxiety symptoms and substance refusal efficacy. Development and Psychopathology, 31(1), 247-260. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0954579417001766

Yang, J., & Zhao, X. (2020). Parenting styles and children’s academic performance: Evidence from middle schools in China. Children and Youth Services Review, 113, 105017. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2020.105017

Yu, H., Kim, S., & Lee, Y. (2019). Neglectful parenting and depressive mood in children - the mediating effect of a rights-respecting school and self-esteem -. Crisis and Emergency Management: Theory and Praxis, 15(4), 25-45. https://doi.org/10.14251/crisisonomy.2019.15.4.25

Downloads

Published

2022-01-01

How to Cite

Peprah, E. O. (2022). The Parenting Style that Yields Better Academic Performance in Tertiary Students. Canadian Journal of Educational and Social Studies, 2(1), 57–72. https://doi.org/10.53103/cjess.v2i1.21

Issue

Section

Articles